May 16, 2021 | 8:26 PM

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January an international Libya conference under UN auspices in Berlin, to which representatives from the USA, Russia, Turkey and France are expected.

January an international Libya conference under UN auspices in Berlin, to which representatives from the USA, Russia, Turkey and France are expected.

Trump does not do this, he is more of a political ship swing brake. He leaves the positive speech to his vice-candidate Mike Pence (who, by the way, did significantly better in the TV debate against Clinton’s vice-Tim Kaine), but above all to his daughter Ivanka. Since his wife Melania stayed out of the election campaign almost completely, Ivanka is already considered the next first lady. Source:, hvo “A photo wall shows people who died during the uprisings in 2011. (Photo: AP ) It was nine years ago that long-time Libyan ruler al-Gaddafi was overthrown, and the country has not come to rest since then.

In Berlin, all actors involved now want to find a way out of the civil war. This is likely to be a complicated undertaking, as a chronicle of the conflict shows: Libya has been in chaos since the fall of long-time ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011. While the internationally recognized unity government of Fajes al-Sarradsch has its seat in Tripoli, there is a counter-government in the east and south of the country, which is supported by General Khalifa Haftar. In the past five years, Haftar’s forces have taken over more and more important cities. Now all the actors involved are coming together in Berlin to discuss the framework conditions for peace within Libya – alongside al-Sarradsch and Haftar, among others, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron.

The outcome of the conflict is of international interest. But what did he start with? A chronology of what happened.

2011 Rulers Muammar al-Gaddafi in fantasy uniform during his lifetime. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) In Libya there are uprisings against the long-time ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi, in which General Chalifa Haftar is also involved. An international coalition led by France, Great Britain and the USA begins air strikes on the North African country. At the end of March, NATO takes command of the Libya mission. The international air strikes contributed to the overthrow of Gaddafi in August, who died weeks later under unknown circumstances. January to August 2014Haftar started “Operation Dignity” in eastern Libya.

The aim is to “purge” Benghazi – the country’s second largest city – from Islamist “terrorist groups”. Several military officers join Haftar’s self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (LNA). The offensive was unsuccessful and Benghazi fell into the hands of Islamist militias. May to June 2017 In May, Haftar’s forces seized the Tamenhant military base near the southern city of Sabha. In June, the LNA captured the Al-Dschufra air base.

After the capture of the cities of Hun and Sukra, Haftar’s forces control the most important cities and military bases in the southern Libyan desert. July 2017On July 5, Haftar proclaims the “complete liberation” of Benghazi. He was supported by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. At the beginning of 2017 he also asked for help from Russia. June 2018 The Libyan General Chalifa Haftar comes to the Greek Foreign Ministry for talks, days before a Libya conference in Berlin. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) On 28.

In June, Haftar announced the successful capture of the city of Derna. This brings the last city in eastern Libya under the control of the LNA. January to February 2019 In mid-January, Haftar announced a military operation to “cleanse the south of terrorist groups and criminals”. Haftar manages to gather the local tribes behind them and take the city of Sabha without fighting. April 2019Haftar starts his offensive on Tripoli, days later the armed forces of the internationally recognized government announce the start of a counter-offensive.

According to the UN, more than 280 civilians and at least 2,000 fighters have been killed since then. 146,000 people were displaced. July 2019 – Air strikes on a refugee camp near Tripoli killed 53 people and injured more than 130 others. The government in Tripoli blames Haftar’s armed forces for the attacks, which they reject. November 2019 According to a report in the New York Times, Russia is deploying almost 200 mercenaries in Libya to support Haftar. Moscow denies the report. Washington calls on Haftar to stop his offensive. December 2019 Fajis al-Sarradsch, Prime Minister of Libya, after a meeting with the Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) The UN complains of violations of an embargo agreed in 2011 on arms deliveries to Libya .

Turkey, allied with Tripoli, and the Haftar supporters Jordan and the United Arab Emirates are reprimanded. Haftar announces another offensive on Tripoli. January 2020 On January 2, the Turkish parliament votes for a military operation in Libya, which begins three days later. On January 6, Haftar’s forces announce the capture of the coastal city of Sirte.

  On January 11, the Libyan parties to the conflict agree to a ceasefire proposed by Ankara and Moscow, and on January 13, Haftar and al-Sarradsch travel to Moscow for deliberations. The planned signing of an agreement on the modalities of a permanent ceasefire, however, fails – Haftar leaves Moscow after seven hours of talks without signing the German government shortly afterwards an international conference on Libya under the auspices of the UN in Berlin on January 19, to which representatives from the USA, Russia, Turkey and France are expected.

Al-Sarradsch also agreed to participate, and Haftar declared that he was “in principle” ready to participate. The aim is to support the efforts of the UN for a sovereign Libya and a reconciliation process in the North African country. On January 16, SPD Federal Foreign Minister Maas will travel to Benghazi for talks with Haftar on behalf of the EU foreign ministers.

Haftar promises Maas to keep the current ceasefire. Source:, agr / AFP “The après-ski celebrations in Tyrol continued for days after a bartender’s positive Corona test. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) Ischgl, the “Ballermann of the Alps”, is now regarded as the hub of the corona virus in Europe. Because the ski season was canceled far too late, despite all warnings, numerous infections from Iceland to Italy have their origin in Tyrol. “The outbreak that we are in Having a moment has a lot to do with returnees from skiing holidays. “Those were the words of Jens Spahn on Tuesday evening. Anyone who has ever been to an après-ski hut knows what the Federal Minister of Health is talking about.

In a wet and happy mood, the corona virus was able to spread, especially in the winter sports Eldorado Ischgl, because the Austrian authorities failed. A chronology. Saturday, February 29th – First virus alert In the early afternoon, a group of Icelanders boarded the Icelandair Boeing 757 at Franz Josef Strauss Airport in Munich to fly back home. The tour group had spent the days and nights before in the Austrian winter sports stronghold of Ischgl. On board on the three and a half hour flight, members of the group experience typical corona symptoms.

Upon arrival in Reykjavik, some of the group’s travelers test positive for Covid-19. Thursday, March 5 – Ischgl on par with Wuhan At a press conference, the Icelandic health authorities declared Ischgl a risk area. From now on, the ski region is on a par with the Corona hotbed of Wuhan or the equally badly affected South Korea and Iran.

All ski vacationers who have stayed in Ischgl have to be in quarantine for 14 days. The authorities in Tyrol publish a press release and downplay the potential danger. “According to initial surveys and as a result of written information from a person concerned to the accommodation provider, the infection may not have occurred until the plane was traveling back from Munich to Reykjavik,” the letter says. State antiquity director Franz Katzgraber leans far out of the window: “With this assumption, it seems unlikely from a medical point of view that there was an infection in Tyrol”. In addition to the 14-person travel group, an Italy vacationer suffering from the corona virus was also on the plane. So the skiing fun in Ischgl can continue. Saturday, March 7th – bartender infected In Ischgl itself, a German bartender from the well-known après-ski bar “Kitzloch” tested positive for the corona virus.

But even at this moment the local authorities do not give in, nobody seems to be worried within the Tyrolean provincial government. Sunday, March 8th – “No cause for alarm” The provincial medical department of Tyrol issued another press release. It says: “A transmission of the coronavirus to guests of the bar is rather unlikely from a medical point of view.” All ski vacationers who were in the “Kitzloch” from February 15th to March 7th and have flu-like symptoms could call the health advice telephone. All “Kitzloch” guests without symptoms need not do anything. After all, 22 close contact persons of the bartender are also quarantined for 14 days.

Other contact persons from the wider environment of the 36-year-old are merely encouraged to “monitor their state of health for the next two weeks”. But there is no reason to worry. A fatal misjudgment if you read the words of a 34-year-old Danish vacationer in Ischgl in the newspaper “Dagbladet Information”. “Our group ordered a hundred schnapps. They were served on a large platter and all the waiters had whistles hanging around their necks to keep the party going. I then borrowed a whistle from a waiter, I wanted the party going hold.

Later I found out that the waiters were infected with Corona. “Monday, March 9th – Tyrol is rowing backMost of the close contacts of the” Kitzloch “bartender in quarantine are tested positive. A total of 15 people from his environment are infected with the corona virus 14 of these 15 infected people come from the man’s immediate work environment. And again the State Medical Directorate of Tyrol publishes a press release and collects the assessment that the Icelanders were very likely only infected on the plane. It could “not be ruled out that it was a connection to some of the people who tested positive in Iceland “.

They “recently stayed in the same bar in Ischgl.” Tuesday, March 10th – après-ski bars have to close only three days after the first Corona case in Ischgl became known and five days after Iceland declared the ski area a risk area, the state of Tyrol gives in. All après-ski bars must be closed with immediate effect. However, hundreds, possibly thousands, of infected holidaymakers have long since traveled home unchecked.

And away from the inns, the hustle and bustle goes even further. “During this time, regular ski operations will be maintained until further notice,” announces Governor Günther Platter. Wednesday, March 11 – Further corona casesNone day goes by without reports of new corona infected people. The State Medical Directorate of Tyrol announced several new cases related to Ischgl, including two men who had also visited the “Kitzloch”.

State father Platter announces that skiing will be banned for two weeks from March 14th. Until then, the skiing fun can go on. For several days. Friday 13th

March – Quarantine order from Vienna The Austrian Federal Government quarantines the Paznaun Valley with the municipalities of Galtür, See, Kappl and Ischgl and the neighboring municipality of St. Anton am Arlberg for at least 14 days. The German Robert Koch Institute even declares the entire state of Tyrol to be a risk area.

Foreign holidaymakers are requested to go home without stopping and to go to quarantine at home. Saturday, March 14th – Appeal from the country’s father Günther Platter not only makes all residents of the Paznaun Valley and St. Anton aware of the current quarantine regulations, but also calls on all people who have been in the affected regions since February 28 to “voluntarily isolate themselves at home.” Meanwhile, the departure of the ski vacationers is not going as planned. There is no regulated departure flow and instead of driving home without a break, some tourists spend a night in Innsbruck hotels.

According to ORF, hundreds of vacationers would have done this. It is quite possible that some of them unconsciously spread the virus in the Tyrolean capital. Sunday, March 15th – Skiing is still going on As can be seen from social media posts and local media reports, despite all risk assessments, the ski lifts in Ischgl are still not standing still. The Austrian daily newspaper “Der Standard” writes: “Greed has conquered responsibility for the health of citizens and guests.” The aim was to take the last week of tourism with you, regardless of all warnings, in order to let the tills of the lift operators and hoteliers ring.

March – Dramatic figures from abroad The health authorities in Norway announce that almost half of all infected Norwegians brought the virus from Austria, mostly from the Paznaun Valley. The Danish government had announced something similar days earlier. And also in Germany there are quite a few corona infected people who are obviously infected in Ischgl and the surrounding area. In the evening, Tyrolean Health Councilor Bernhard Tilg from the ÖVP gave a remarkable interview on the ORF news program “Zib 2”, Austria’s “Tagesschau” – Counterpart. In an interview with moderator Armin Wolf, Tilg insists on his assessment that everything, but really “everything was done right”.

It is not true that people have bowed to the tourism and mountain railway lobby. Even in the chronological order “everything went right”. Source: “” Anis Amri is now being sought across Europe. (Photo: REUTERS) Anis Amri is said to be the assassin in Berlin. Even before he was classified as a threat, the authorities had targeted him for various crimes. Nevertheless, they lacked the opportunity to take action against the Tunisian.

A chronology: The police are now looking for the Berlin attacker not only in Germany but also across Europe. The investigators continued to focus on the 24-year-old Tunisian Anis Amri.